Abkürzungen aus dem PC-Bereich


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



A

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ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Interface
ADCAnalogue Digital Converter
AGPAccelerated Graphics Port
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
APIApplication Programming Interface
APICAdvanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange
ATAAdvanced Technology Attachment (IDE-Schnittstelle)
ATAPIATA Packet Interface

B

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BCDBinary Coded Decimal
BCDBoot Configuration Data (Boot Information im Rahmen der EFI System Partition)
BdBaud (1 Schritt/s)
BIOSBasic Input Output System (Kompenium)
BitBinary digit (Binärziffer)
bpsBits per second
BSDBerkeley Standard Distribution

C

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CCITTComité Consultatif International de Télégraphique et Téléphonique
CD-RCompact Disc Recordable (einmal beschreibbare CD)
CD-RWCompact Disc ReWritable (mehrmals beschreibbare CD)
CFCompact Flash (Speicherkartenformat)
CMOS-RAMComplementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Random Access Memory
CORBACommon Object Request Broker Architecture
CPUCentral Processing Unit (Hauptprozessor, z.B.: Pentium)
CRTCathode Ray Tube (Bildschirmröhre)
CSMCompatibility Support Module (EFI->BIOS)
CTSClear To Send (RS-232)
CMYKCyan-Magenta-Yellow-blacK (4-Farben-Separationsschema)

D

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DACDigital Analogue Converter
DATDigital Audio Tape (Backupmedium)
DCEData Circuit termination Equipment (V.24)
DDCDisplay Data Channel (VESA-Standard)
DDR-DRAMDouble Data Rate Dynamic Random Access Memory
DEEDatenendeinrichtung (V.24)
DIMMDual Inline Memory Module
DFÜDatenfernübertragung
DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol (TCP/IP)
DINDeutsche Industrie Norm
DLCData Link Control
DLEData Link Escape (Steuerzeichen)
DLTDigital Linear Tape (Backupmedium)
DMADirect Memory Access
DMIDesktop Management Interface
DPMSDisplay Power Management Signalling
DRAMDynamic Random Access Memory
DTEData Terminal Equipment (V.24)
DTPDeskTop Publishing
DTRData Terminal Ready (RS-232)
DÜEDatenübertragungseinrichtung (V.24)
DVDDigital Versatile Disk
DVD-RDigital Versatile Disk Recordable
DVD-RAMDigital Versatile Disk Random Access Memory
DVD-ROMDigital Versatile Disk Read Only Memory

E

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EBCEFI (Extensible Firmware Interface) Byte Code
EBCDICExtended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
ECCError correcting Code
ECMAEuropean Computer Manufactures Association
EEPROMElectrically Erasable Read Only Memory
EFIExtensible Firmware Interface (BIOS-Nachfolger)
EIDEEnhanced IDE
EIAElectronic Industries Association
EISAExtended Industry Standard Architecture (PC-Bus)
EMSExtended Memory System (nach LIM-Spezifikationen)
ENEuropäische Norm
EOTEnd Of Transmisson
EPROMErasable Programmable Read Only Memory (mehrmals programmierbar)
ESCDExtended System Configuration Data
ESPEFI (Extensible Firmware Interface) System Partition

F

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FAQFrequently Asked Question
FATFile Allocation Table
FC-PGAFlip-Chip Pin Grid Array (Chipbauform)
FCCFederal Communication Commission
FSBFront Side Bus

G

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GIFGraphic Interchange Format (Graphikformat)
GMRGiant MagentoResistance
GPTGUID (Global Unique IDentifier) Partition Table (Nachfolger der Partitionstabelle in MBR)
GUIGraphical User Interface
GUIDGlobal Unique IDentifier (Partitionskennzeichen)

H

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HMAHigh Memory Area (Die ersten 64KB über 1 MB)

I

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IDEIntegrated Drive Electronics (Festplattenschnittstelle)
IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission
IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IIOPInternet Inter Object Request Broker Protocol (CORBA)
IRQInterrupt ReQuest
ISAIndustry Standard Architecture (PC-Bus)
ITInformation Technology

J

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JPEGJoint Photographic Experts Group (Komprimierungsverfahren)
JVMJava Virtual Machine

L

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LEDLight Emitting Diode
LSBLeast Significant Bit

M

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MBRMaster Boot Record
MCAMicro Channel Architecture (PC-Bus von IBM)
MIFManagement Information Format
MPEGMoving Pictures Experts Group (Komprimierungsverfahren für Bilder)
MRAMMagnetoresistive Random Access Memory
MSBMost Significant Bit
MTBFMeanTime Between Failure
MTTRMeanTime To Repair

N

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NBSNational Bureau of Standards
NTFSNew Technology File System (Dateisystem von Windows ab Windows NT)
NVRAMNon Volatile RAM (Random Access Memory)

O

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ÖNIÖstereichisches Normungs-Institut
ÖNORMÖstereichische Norm
OSFOpen Software Foundation

P

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PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect (PC-Bus)
PCMCIAPersonal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDAPersonal Digital Assistent
PDFPortable Document Format (Adobe Acrobat)
PGA 370Pin Grid Array (Prozessorsteckplatz)
PGPPretty Good Privacy (Verschlüsselungssystem)
PICProgrammable Interrupt Controller
PIRQProgrammable Interrupt ReQuest
PnPPlug and Play
POSTPower On Self Test
PPGAPlastic Pin Grid Array (Chipbauform)
PROMProgrammable Read Only Memory (einmal programmierbar)
PXEPreboot eXecution Environment (Netboot)

R

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RAIDRedundant Array of (Inexpensive) Independent Disks
RAMRandom Access Memory
RAMDACRandom Access Memory Digital Analog Converter (Graphikkarte)
RGBRot, Grün und Blau (Farbcodierung)
RIPRaster Image Processor
ROMRead Only Memory
RPLRemote Program Load
RTSRequest To Send (RS-232)

S

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SAMSecurity Account Manager (NT)
SATASerial ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment, Festplattenschnittstelle)
SCASingle Connector Attachment (SCSI-Steckervariante)
SCSISmall Computer System Interface
SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SECCSingle Edge Contact Connector (Prozessorbauform)
SEPPSingle Edge Processor Package (Prozessorbauform)
SIMMSingle Inline Memory Module
SLAService Level Agreement
SMPSymmetric Multi Processing
SPECStandard Performance Evaluation Corporation

T

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TCOSchwed. Zentralorganisation der Angestellten (Bildschirmnormen, z.B.: TCO 92)
TCOTotal Cost of Ownership
TMRTunneling MagnetoResistance

U

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UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UEPROMUltra-violet Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
UEFIUniversal Extensible Firmware Interface (BIOS-Nachfolger)
UNCUniversal Naming Convention
UPSUninterruptable Power Supply
USBUniversal Serial Bus
USVUnterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung
UTCUniversal Time Coordinated (=GMT Greenwich Mean Time)

V

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VESAVideo Electronics Standard Association
VLBVesa Local Bus
VRVirtual Reality
VRMLVirtual Reality Modeling Language

W

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WfMWired for Management
WINSWindows InterNet Services (NT)
WMIWindows Management Instrumetation

X

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XMSeXtended Memory System (Speicher über 1MB)

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Letzte Änderung am 23.05.2009 um 10:52